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Marking passive voice

Marking passive voice

Published at: 2017-02-23


  1. I have a question about marking of bound morphemes for past participle forms that end in ed, mostly in cases of passive voice (or of perfect tenses with the auxiliary have). The instructions in the SALT guide state: "Use the bound morpheme /ED to mark regular past tense inflections, e.g., “she look/ed”, “they call/ed”, “he is like/ed”." - The last example in the list is not a case of a regular past tense. The form "liked" is the past participle in a passive construction. In active voice "He is liked by his classmates" would be "His classmates like him". Neither are past tense sentences. - Other examples would be the use of "named" which comes up a lot when children invent stories. e.g., "There was a boy named Jim". This again is different from the regular simple past tense use of named, e.g., "He nam/ed his dog Barnie" . - Finally, what of participles in perfect tenses, e.g., "He had loved aliens forever". Would you slash these? To me the distinction between regular simple past tense verbs and the participle forms is akin to the distinction you make for coding progressive verb forms (he is swim/ing) with an auxiliary vs. gerunds with a main verb (he like/3s swimming). It really only matters for the sake of consistency to compare within child over time, and critically if one wants to compare with the SALT databases. Thanks for clarifying. Paola

  2. You are right about transcribing the phrase "he is liked". The word "liked" should not be slashed. You asked about participles in perfect tenses, e.g., "He had loved aliens forever". We would transcribe this as "He had love/ed aliens forever" because the verb is "love". He loved. He didn't "have" anything.

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